Thyroid Cancer Surgery in Lucknow
The burden of thyroid disease in the general population is enormous. Thyroid tumors are the most common endocrine neoplasms Thyroid disorders are the most common among all the endocrine diseases in India. Recent studies showed 50% of people in the community have microscopic nodules, 3.5% have occult papillary carcinoma, 15% have palpable goitres, 10% demonstrate an abnormal thyroid-stimulating hormone level, and 5% of women have overt hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.
In areas of iodine sufficiency, papillary carcinomas are the predominant variety. Different studies from India show a predominance of papillary malignancy followed by follicular malignancies.
Thyroid malignancies are divided into papillary carcinomas (80%), follicular carcinomas (10%), medullary thyroid carcinomas (5-10%), anaplastic carcinomas (1-2%), primary thyroid lymphomas (rare), and primary thyroid sarcomas
Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer
In Thyroid cancer most commonly patient feel a painless, palpable, solitary thyroid nodule. Following symptoms can also be seen.
Solitary nodules: Most likely to be malignant in patients older than 60 years and in patients younger than 30 years.
Causes of Thyroid Cancer
Thyroid cancer can occur at any age, but the risk peaks earlier for women (who are most often in their 40s or 50s when diagnosed) than for men (who are usually in their 60s or 70s).
Follicular Thyroid cancers are more common in areas of the world where people’s diets are low in iodine.
Diagnosis of Thyroid Cancer
To determine whether your Thyroid tumor is benign or cancerous, you have been advised by your doctor to do some interventions as follows
FNAB- This is important diagnostic tool in evaluating whether Thyroid nodule is benign or cancerous.